statesman news service
BANGALORE, 20 JUNE: The National Sample Survey on household consumer expenditure covering 12 months beginning July 2011, indicates that the average urban monthly per capita expenditure (MPCE) is 84 per cent higher at Rs 2,630 than the average rural MPCE for the entire country as a whole.
The MPCE for rural Odisha and Jharkhand at Rs 1,000 each and for Chhattisgarh at Rs 1,027, however, proved to be the lowest. Similarly, in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, the rural monthly per capita expenditure was pegged between Rs 1,125 and Rs 1,160, respectively, below the all India average of Rs 1,430.
Conversely, Kerala, Punjab and Haryana turned out to be the only states with their MPCE being above Rs 2,000. While Kerala&’s monthly per capita expenditure was placed at Rs 2,669 and Punjab&’s at Rs 2,345, Haryana came third with Rs 2,176.
According to Mr T C A Ananth, chief statistician of the country and secretary of the ministry of statistics and programme implementation, the survey covered 12,700 villages and urban blocks comprising nearly 200,000 households. He told media persons here, while releasing the gist of the survey, that the NSS provided estimates of each state and pattern of consumption. These indicators were among the most important measures of the level of living of the relevant domains of population. The MPCE remained an important and effective tool to study the prevalence of poverty and inequality.
The survey notes that in urban India, Bihar had the lowest MPCE at Rs 1,507. In Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, the urban MPCE stood between Rs 1,865 and Rs 2,060, much below the all-India average of Rs 2,630. These six states accounted for the lowest MPCE in both rural and urban sectors while the four major states with the highest urban monthly per capital expenditure turned out to be Haryana, Kerala, Maharashtra and Karnataka with their numbers varying between Rs 3,026 and Rs 3,817.
In case of other states, for example, the NSS report shows that the urban monthly per capita expenditure  was double the rural MPCE in West Bengal and Jharkhand and 93 to 97 per cent higher in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Odisha. The gap is narrower in Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Likewise, for the average rural Indian, food accounted for 52.9 per cent of the value of consumption during 2011-12. This included 10.8 per cent for cereals and its substitutes, eight per cent for milk and milk products, eight per cent for beverages, refreshments and processed foods. For consumer durables it was 4.5 per cent, education 3.5 per cent and for medical expenses the figure stood at 7 per cent.
Similarly, the survey showed that for the average urban Indian, 42.6 per cent of the value of household consumption was accounted for by food, including nine per cent for beverages, refreshments and processed foods, 6.7 per cent for cereals and substitutes. Education accounted for 6.9 per cent of the monthly per capita expenditure.

Poorest of poor survive on Rs 17 a day in villages
NEW DELHI, 20 JUNE: The poorest of the poor in the country survive on barely Rs 17 per day in villages and Rs 23 a day in cities, as per the latest data released by the National Sample Survey Office today.
According to the data, which relates to 2011-12 (July-June), five per cent population on the bottom rung had an average monthly per capita expenditure (MCPE) of Rs 521.44 in rural areas and Rs 700.50 in urban areas. On the other end of the spectrum, top five per cent of the population had an MPCE of Rs 4,481 in rural areas and Rs 10,282 in urban areas. pti