Unsung Heroes: 10 Lesser-Known Freedom Fighters of West Bengal

The history of India’s struggle for independence is replete with stories of valour, sacrifice, and determination. While some names shine brightly in the annals of history, many lesser-known heroes contributed significantly to the cause. Here are 10 unsung freedom fighters from West Bengal who, though not widely acknowledged, played crucial roles in India’s fight for freedom:

Pritilata Waddedar: A brave Bengali revolutionary, Pritilata Waddedar led the daring attack on the Pahartali European Club in Chittagong, a symbol of British dominance. Her sacrifice at a young age of 21 is a reminder of the indomitable spirit of women in the freedom movement.

Satish Chandra Samanta: Known as the “Master Da,” Satish Chandra Samanta was a leader of the Chittagong Uprising in 1930. He led a group of young revolutionaries in an audacious raid on the Chittagong Armoury to procure arms for the movement.


Bina Das: Bina Das made history as one of the first women to participate in armed revolutionary activities against the British. She attempted to assassinate the Bengal Governor Stanley Jackson in 1932 as a protest against the inhuman treatment of political prisoners.

Suniti Choudhury: An ardent feminist and freedom fighter, Suniti Choudhury was an advocate for women’s rights and was instrumental in raising awareness about the nationalistic cause. She was a prominent figure in the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Santosh Mitra: A dedicated follower of Mahatma Gandhi, Santosh Mitra was a lawyer who actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement. He played a key role in organizing protests and rallies in support of the freedom struggle.

Surya Sen: Also known as “Masterda,” Surya Sen was a revolutionary leader who spearheaded the Chittagong Uprising of 1930. He organized an armed raid on the Chittagong Armoury to inspire a larger revolt against the British.

Kalpana Datta: An active participant in the Quit India Movement, Kalpana Datta was a revolutionary who was associated with Surya Sen’s group. She was arrested for her involvement and remained steadfast in her commitment to the cause.

Benoy, Badal, and Dinesh: These three young freedom fighters are known for their audacious attack on the Writers’ Building in Kolkata to assassinate the Inspector General of Prisons, Simpson. Their sacrifice remains etched in history.

Aruna Ganguli (Aruna Asaf Ali): A prominent freedom fighter and a leading figure in the Quit India Movement, Aruna Ganguli was a fearless activist who stood up against the British oppression. She played a key role in organizing protests and strikes.

Bhawani Pathak: A lesser-known hero, Bhawani Pathak was a revolutionary who actively participated in various freedom movement activities. He was associated with the Jugantar Party and was known for his dedication to the cause.

These unsung heroes of West Bengal exemplify the spirit of selflessness and dedication that characterized India’s freedom struggle. Their sacrifices, though not widely recognized, were instrumental in shaping the course of history and paving the way for a free India.