West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee paid tribute to Allama Iqbal on the latter’s death anniversary on Saturday. Banerjee, who is known for remembering eminent personalities on their birthdays or death anniversaries, took to Twitter to express her thoughts.
“Solemnly remembering famous poet and philosopher Allama Iqbal on his death anniversary,” wrote Banerjee.
Solemnly remembering famous poet and philosopher Allama Iqbal on his death anniversary
— Mamata Banerjee (@MamataOfficial) April 21, 2018
Allama Iqbal was born Muhammad Iqbal on 9 November 1877 in Sialkot, Punjab Province in British India (now in Pakistan) to a tailor father and housewife mother.
Though hailed as the “Spiritual Father of Pakistan”, Iqbal is immensely respected in India, Bangladesh and Iran for his monumental work in Urdu and Persian literature.
Iqbal is best known for his poem “Saare Jahan Se Accha”, which he sang at the Government College, Lahore, in 1904.
Iqbal had a Kashmiri lineage – in ‘Zinda Rud’, Javeed Iqbal wrote that the poet’s ancestors were Kashmiri Brahmans who had converted to Islam over 200 years ago.
Educated in some of Pakistan’s most famous universities of the time in Arabic and English, Iqbal went to England to pursue higher education in 1905.
By 1908, Iqbal had earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.
He later became one of the earliest proponents of the idea of a separate nation for Muslims. A staunch believer in a Muslim nation, Iqbal often disagreed with Mohammed Ali Jinnah’s early political views which were more in line with that of the Congress’.
Iqbal died on 21 April 1938 in Lahore aged 60.