Follow Us:

Banker in Court

The Magistrate seemed to be conscious of being a deity in his own small kingdom in which he exercised unbridled authority.


One of the toughest tasks I had to handle in my long career as a banker was handling recalcitrant defaulters who made us beseech when they refused to pay up the loan. Personal experience taught me that when clients need loans, they will make countless trips to the bank to seek the manager’s help with obsequious supplications. Once the loan is released, however, most of them start behaving like wily debtors who can be tamed only by the mythical kabuliwalas! Bank officials have to waste precious time in obtaining an acknowledgement of debt, to ensure that the bank doesn’t lose its claim over the loan. The statute of limitation stipulates that in case of default of debt, the claim must be invoked within a prescribed time limit, normally three years. Before the end of that third year, borrowers start performing vanishing tricks, because they know that deferring the payment would permanently absolve them of their liability to the bank.

The basic spirit behind the statute is that there should be a reasonable period during which the bank may take action against the borrower. Bankers do not want to file lawsuits against erring borrowers, especially in the case of smaller loans. Since lawsuits are both time-consuming and drain precious manpower resources and other expenditures, banks try to use the traditional methods for the recovery of dues. Court proceedings will sometimes turn into such protracted odysseys that it is not unusual for the litigation to long survive the litigants themselves. I had to periodically take the witness stand in the mofussil courts for tendering evidence in lawsuits against such chronic defaulters and those who would evade the signing of documents for renewing their debt. The experience in each case would follow a common narrative. Indeed, it is fair to say that the whole justice system is built on the foundation of not telling the whole truth. Lawyers thrive on promises and defaulters prefer paying heavy fees to lawyers rather than redeeming their debts.

It seems that the courtroom oath ~ “to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth” ~ applies only to witnesses. Prosecutors, defence attorneys, and judges don’t take this oath ~ they need not. It is the job of the defence attorney ~ especially when representing the guilty ~ to prevent, by all lawful means, the “whole truth” from coming out”. On the other hand, while the prosecutor is trained to ferret out the truth, the defence attorneys usually outsmart them by putting them off track. A day in court involved my entering the courtroom and sitting just below the judge’s bench. My encounter in the witness box left my ideals evaporating. As I took my place in the dock, my lawyer hurried into the court. He saw me and raised his thumb. The defence lawyer had amassed a lot of evidence. I was confronted with a dizzying number of exhibits ~ notices, bank vouchers, signed cheques, correspondence. They were spun out of the lawyer’s bag, as my lawyer and the defendant’s lawyer sparred over legal issues.

The defence lawyer tried to chip at my credibility as he proceeded to grill me in near-perfect theatrical slang with a cannon fire of questions: “Did the borrower sign in your presence?” “Were the contents of the documents explained to him?” “Can you produce any witnesses in support of your argument?” He tried to play a smart game and questioned every simple line of logic. Painfully aware of how words skate over and around the truth, never having quite enough nuance to grasp it completely, I contested him equally forcefully, testifying in blunt terms. At stake was a loan of Rs 25,000 and the lawyers were battling as if the country’s sovereignty was at stake. The defence lawyer was gesticulating with ferocious gravitas. He reminded me of the famous aphorism: If the facts are against you, pound the law. If the law is against you, pound the facts. And if both are against you, pound the table! My lawyer couldn’t respond suitably. He kept skirting around the law. His usual refrain would be, “Your Lordship, this is a leading question.” It appeared that his strategy was to wear out the defence lawyer or elicit some favourable response from the Magistrate, who kept on overruling the objections.

The judge pronounced: “The court has found no violations.” Perhaps an individual judge may be biased, I thought at that time, but the judicial system as a whole can’t ignore both the law and self-evident facts. My lawyer tried to inject some hysteria into the courtroom to impress me. He would keep banging the table while making his point. This is not surprising. I tried to reason with the Magistrate that if I had known that each loan could generate a thriving cottage industry of litigation and lead me through a painful odyssey, I would have restrained my enthusiasm. I was animated with a passion for helping the poor and now I found that I had become trapped in a multiple helix. My humble, polite voice chimed oddly amid the thundering concluding part of the speech of top-rank lawyers intended to inspire enthusiasm in the audience. The Magistrate seemed to be conscious of being a deity in his own small kingdom in which he exercised unbridled authority.

He appeared quite patronizing, dispensing justice the way a modern saint dispenses benedictions. For him, everyone who entered the witness box was someone who was arraigned before his stern tribune of justice. He grimaced at my audacity and his face wore a straight, grim line as if to say, “We know the law better.” The regulations of the judiciary are broad enough to be used punitively by judges. Earlier in the day, a colleague had been up in a much uglier fashion. It was a field day for the Magistrate, slamming people from the banking fraternity to the undisguised delight of the chattering lawyers. Standing in the hallowed precincts of the temple of justice, I shuddered, wondering whether the Magistrate would charge me with lowering the dignity and prestige of the court. Looming in front of me was the lofty majesty of law in whose shadow stood a puny creature.

The judiciary should not move into such narrow straits and shallow shoals. St Luke in the Bible abjured the physician thus: “Physician, heal thyself!” A responsive and robust justice delivery system is imperative for a country’s development. When justice is delayed or not served, there is little hope that things will change. Changes within the justice system are complicated, interlinked and systemic and require long-term, committed critical interventions.