Himalayas are young mountains and have the third largest deposit of snow and ice in the world. Due to this, they are often referred to as the third pole of the planet. Having formed relatively recently in the Earth’s geological history, the Himalayas are fragile since they are undergoing the mountain building process. Himalayas are also the point of origin of many Asian rivers, which collectively feed more than 1.3 billion people living in the watershed of the Himalayas.
The programme was organised under the joint aegis of Nauni University, Sewa International, Prakritik Kheti Khushal Kisan Yojana and Indian Ecological Society.
Managing the Himalayan ecosystem's sustainability is critical not only for preserving its pristine beauty and spectacular landscape but also for ensuring the ecological security of the entire Indian subcontinent.
Himachal being popular worldwide for its quality apple, is also facing many problems regarding insufficient cultivation due to different factors.
Studies from the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), show that over four glaciers basins (Chandra, Bhaga, Miyar and Parvati) in the western Himalayas show an overall decreasing trend of precipitation during 1979-2018.
The Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology has been pursuing research in understanding the causes and consequences of earthquakes, landslides, and avalanches in the Himalayas with a view to provide mitigation measures.
The Kedarnath flood occurred during the early monsoon period, an unusual time for floods, but it wasn’t a big surprise because cloud bursts are a common phenomenon in these parts of the Himalayas.
For the plains, the IMD declares a cold wave when the minimum temperature is 10 degrees Celsius or below and is 4.5 degrees less than the normal for two consecutive days.
The bottomline of the entire charade in eastern Ladakh is that China apparently is very well aware of the contested regions, perhaps also that it is laying a siege on territories claimed by India as its own but is plainly intolerant or disdainful of Indian sensibilities. Through the Nehru years, China got used to the policy mode of appeasement as opposed to strategic confrontation. But effective conflict management sometimes requires force in lieu of compromise.