In the modern era, it is the Information Technology (IT) that accommodates the most advanced and smart technologies of the time, expects same from its curators and controllers like engineers, developers, programmers, and other IT professionals.

Today, IT is not only at the helm of the technology sector, but its applicability is all-pervasive; from healthcare to forensics and entertainment to gastronomy.

So, apart from having a decent knowledge of subjects taught in the college or university, engineering students must keep themselves abreast of the novel technologies, trends, and skills which may help them get an edge over other candidates.

Below are some top technologies in the IT industry, which can help the students meet the expectations of the industry.

Internet of Things (IoT): It would not be wrong to say in the present context that where there is any device or object, there is also the internet, and the amalgamation of both brings the IoT. It is the ability to transfer data between digitally connected devices enabling swift and effective machine to machine communication. Today, it is the backbone of all the industries such as the automobile, e-commerce, security, banking, and healthcare.

Machine Learning (ML): The importance of ML in the present age can be easily understood with its decisive role in Robotics and Programmatic. It is a branch of Artificial Intelligence that performs on various advanced statistical techniques, which enable computer systems to learn from the data, without any explicit programming. Though it is becoming omnipresent in the entire business ecosphere, the service industry is virtually the biggest beneficiary of this trending technology.

Virtual Reality (VR): It is a technology that transforms computergenerated simulation in the real-like experience and is the driving force of many digitally transformed businesses across the world. From gaming to education and security to defence, VR is the growth propeller of many ITES and tech-oriented companies.

Artificial Intelligence (AI): It is the emulation of human intelligence processes by the advanced machines, especially computerised machines. AI has redefined the machines by adding virtual senses and fast analytical abilities. That’s why it is one of the most preferred fields for many computer engineers and developers.

Touch Commerce (TC): When time is luxury, being smart is not just a fashion but the need of millennial generation, and it is the Touch Commerce (TC), which makes shopping possible even for the busiest people on earth. Merging touch screen technology with one-click shopping, touch commerce is a revolution in e-commerce that allows consumers to buy products and services from their phones.

Blockchain: It is a common perception that the blockchain technology is primarily useful for the developers of crypto currencies, but it is not true. This data-based technology is not restricted to crypto currencies and from telecommunication to telemedicine; blockchain technology is contributing significantly to a variety of modern industries.

With the advent of Industry 4.0 framework, new areas like cyber-physical systems, Internet of things, cloud computing have become critically important.

Incorporating these courses on basic as well as advanced levels for undergraduate and postgraduate levels will fetch better job opportunities for the students. To fill the knowledge gap, students can attend the training classes by industry experts, participate in seminars and IT shows, enroll in online industry certification courses or training programmes, subscribe trade publications, and follow the industry influencers on social media platforms like LinkedIn, Twitter, and Bloggers. Truly, technology is not only getting complex but easier too, and those who are willing to make a winning start in the IT industry, opportunities are enormous.