It has been a diplomatic double whammy for India, if ever there was one. Twenty-four hours after the Bangladesh foreign and home ministers cancelled their scheduled visit to India, Japan’s Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, has dropped plans to attend the annual India-Japan summit next week. The initial flutter in the South Asian roost has extended to a pivotal swathe of Asia. The MEA’s assurance that India and Japan have decided to defer the visit to a “mutually convenient date” is only a strained attempt to wriggle out of a mess of Delhi’s creation.
Within South Asia, the romantic euphoria over the pink ball diplomacy has dissipated. Though embattled Afghanistan is yet to react to the passage of the Citizenship Amendment Bill in Parliament, Imran Khan’s bluster over an issue that pertains to India is now part of the Pakistan Prime Minister’s furniture if his reaction to the change in the status of Kashmir is any indication. It is deeply regrettable too that the equation with Bangladesh appears to have soured ~ following a certain upswing ~ in the event of the CAB getting the parliamentary nod, most particularly in the Rajya Sabha where the Bharatiya Janata Party lacks the numbers.
Though it must be quite another story that Trinamul members of the House of Elders didn’t vote. Specifically, the Bill will readily provide citizenship to the persecuted communities in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan… save Muslims. As an imediate fallout, the foreign minister of Bangladesh, AK Abdul Momen, and home minister Asaduzzaman Khan have cancelled their scheduled visits to India from December 13 to 15 to participate in the sixth “Indian Ocean Dialogue”.
Both have made their country’s pique pretty obvious. Dhaka is upset over the passage of the CAB, most importantly the allegation that religious minorities in Bangladesh are being persecuted. The cancellation of the visit to Delhi has been as abrupt as it could be and has been couched in a robust denunciation of the bill. Mr Momen echoes Dhaka’s response when he rejects the allegation that the minorities are facing religious persecution in Bangladesh. Less than convincing is his argument that he needs to be in Dhaka to participate in Bijoy Divas and Buddijibi Divas.
He very well might, but Victory Day, which is suitably celebrated both in Bangladesh and India, falls on 16 December ~ when the country was liberated ~ whereas the “Indian Ocean Dialogue” would have concluded on 15 December. Coincidence, therefore, cannot be the alibi. The MEA’s spin that India-Bangladesh relations are going through a phase of Sonali Adhyay (Golden chapter) is a convoluted exercise in self-deception. The minorities are at the receiving end too in Pakistan where even Sufis and Ahmediyas have on occasion suffered the fury of the orthodox section of the community.
More basically, minorities have suffered (even been killed) on account of blasphemy laws, neglect of girls belonging to minority communities from rape, abduction, forced conversion and marriage, not to ignore the vandalism in places of worship. Clearly, the Citizenship Amendment Bill has rocked the diplomatic boat fair and square. But Japan has been gracious enough not to readily condemn the bill in the manner of Bangladesh and Pakistan. The message has been conveyed, nonetheless. India’s diplomatic credibility is at stake.