Speaking at the ninth convocation of the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS) here, the President Murmu called for more and more awareness campaigns on a larger scale to encourage people about organ donation.
According to scientific research, organ failure is a very common issue in the human body, every day people are dying due to organ failures, but because of the latest technology and amazing healthcare experts organ transplant is possible, but due to the lack of organs available for the transplants patients still dies.
In India, the transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act, 1994 regulates the organ donation system in India. The law enables the doner and the donee to carry out the process of donation. Whereas, the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO) exists as the main body for activities relating to the procurement, allotment, and distribution of organs in India.
Your Organ Donation could be a gift to a person who needs a transplant to improve his or her health conditions. It is a protocol in which a healthy organ is taken from an individual donor who is either living or dead and is transplanted into a person whose respective organ has issues in functioning.
Only 0.01% people of in India donate their organs after their death according to the World Health Organization. A few main reasons for this are lack of awareness, religious and superstitious beliefs, and strict laws.
Donating organs allows the donor to do something good for society and the recipient who is suffering can live a longer and better quality of life.
Is it a legal procedure and is governed by a transplant regulatory body and special acts laid down by authorities. All institutions conducting transplants have to be registered by the government and follow rules and regulations.
These are the organs which can we can Donate via transplant surgeries:
Kidney, Lungs, Heart, Eye, Liver, Pancreas, Cornea, Small Intestine, Skin tissues, Bone tissues, Heart valves, and Veins.
Some myths about organ donation:
Myth: Organ donation is against any religion.
Fact: Organ donation is consistent with the beliefs of most major religions. These religions include Roman Catholicism, Islam, most branches of Judaism, and most Protestant faiths, Hinduism also allows organ donation.
Myth: I’m under age 18. I’m too young to make this decision.
Fact: Many countries allow people who are younger than 18 to register as organ donors, but the final decision will remain the responsibility of the parents or legal guardian. Discuss your wish to become an organ donor with your family, remember that children, too, are in need of organ transplants, and they usually need organs smaller than those an adult can provide.
Myth: I’m too old to donate. Nobody would want my organs.
Fact: There’s no defined age for donating organs. The decision to use your organs is based on strict medical criteria, not age. Let the doctors decide at the time of your death whether your organs and tissues are suitable for transplantation.
Myth: I’m not in the best of health. Nobody would want my organs or tissues.
Fact: Very few medical situations automatically disqualify you from donating organs. The decision to use an organ is based on strict medical criteria. It may turn out that certain organs are not suitable for transplantation, but other organs and tissues may be fine. Only medical professionals at the time of your death can determine whether your organs are suitable for transplantation.
How to donate?
Becoming an organ donor is easy. You can ask that you want to be a donor in the following ways:
Register with your state’s donor registry.
Most states have registries. Check the list at organdonor.gov.
Designate your choice on your driver’s license. Do this when you obtain or renew your license.
Tell your family. Make sure your family knows your wishes regarding donation.
The best way to ensure that your wishes are carried out is to register with your state’s organ donation registry and include donor designation on your driver’s license or state ID. Taking these steps legally authorizes your organ donation upon death.