Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in Saudi Arabia late on Monday night for a two-day visit, during which he will attend the third edition of Saudi Arabia’s high-profile annual financial conference, Future Investment Initiative (FII) and hold bilateral talks with King Salman bin Abdulaziz and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

This is Prime Minister Modi’s second visit to the Gulf Kingdom. During his first visit in 2016, King Salman conferred Saudi’s highest civilian award on him. The Crown Prince visited India in February 2019, giving a further fillip to the bilateral ties.

“Landed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, marking the start of an important visit aimed at strengthening ties with a valued friend. Will be taking part in a wide range of programmes during this visit,” the prime minister tweeted.

He will deliver the keynote address under the title ”What’s next for India?” at the FII, which is also known  as ”Davos in the Desert.”

The two sides are expected to sign a number of agreements in several key sectors including oil and gas, renewable energy and civil aviation to bolster their ties. India and Saudi Arabia will sign an agreement on establishing the India-Saudi Arabia Strategic Partnership Council, in a bid for strategic depth and focus to their growing relationship.

The three-day forum, beginning on Tuesday, will host financiers, governments, and industry leaders who would discuss global trade and explore the trends, opportunities and challenges shaping the global investment landscape over the coming decades.

“India and Saudi Arabia have enjoyed traditionally close and friendly relations. Saudi Arabia has been one of the largest and reliable suppliers of India’s energy needs,” PM Modi said in his departure statement in New Delhi.

He noted that defence, security, trade, culture, education and people-to-people contacts are the other important areas of bilateral cooperation with Saudi Arabia.

The two sides would also sign an agreement to establish a Strategic Partnership Council to coordinate on key issues. The council will be headed by Prime Minister Modi and the crown prince and it will meet every two years.

“The Agreement for establishment of the Strategic Partnership Council will further elevate the India-Saudi Arabia Strategic Partnership to a new level,” the prime minister said in his statement.

India’s relations with Saudi Arabia have been on an upswing over the last few years. India’s bilateral trade with Saudi Arabia was at USD 27.48 billion in 2017-18, making Saudi Arabia its fourth largest trading partner.

Saudi Arabia last month said that it was looking at investing USD 100 billion in India in areas of energy, refining, petrochemicals, infrastructure, agriculture, minerals and mining.

At the FII forum, Prime Minister Modi will speak on India’s economy, its challenges and opportunities for equitable growth and prosperity.

“I will speak about the growing trade and investment opportunities for the global investors in India as the country marches forward to a 5 trillion dollar economy by 2024,” PM Modi said. The high-profile forum faced widespread boycott in 2018 in the aftermath of killing of Saudi dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi, who was murdered in the Kingdom’s consulate in Istanbul, Turkey by Saudi security agents.

The major pacts to be signed will include an MoU to roll out  India’s digital payment system, RuPay card and one on bringing coordination on e-migration systems between the two countries. The two sides are also expected to sign a number of agreements in several key sectors including oil and gas, renewable energy and civil aviation to bolster their ties.