PRESS TRUST OF INDIA
New Delhi, 22 July
Worried over widening trade and current account deficit, the government has constituted a committee to examine imports and suggest steps to contain inward shipments of non-essential goods.
The committee will be headed by Mr Rajat Bhargav, joint secretary (Budget) in the finance ministry, an official said. “It will submit its report in about two weeks,” the official said.
Current account deficit (CAD) occurs when total imports of goods, services and transfers are higher than exports, reflecting outgo of foreign exchange. The CAD had hit a record high of 4.7 per cent in fiscal 2012-13 as rising oil and gold import widened the trade gap.
Both the Reserve Bank of India as well as the government have taken a slew of steps to curtail gold demand. Besides, India imports over 70 per cent of its oil demand, a big drain on forex.
Although gold and silver imports dipped to $2.45 billion in June from $8.4 billion in the previous month, the overall imports grew by 22.8 per cent as compared to June 2012. Trade deficit had widened to seven-month high of $20.1 billion in May. 
India’s full-year exports fell 1.8 per cent to $300.6 billion in fiscal 2012-13, taking the country’s trade deficit to a record high level of $191 billion.