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Why is the world talking of the Afghan girl again?

Sharbat Gula, photographed as a 12-year-old inhabitant of a refugee camp in 1984, now faces the possibility of spending 14 years in jail.


Sharbat Gula, photographed as a 12-year-old inhabitant of a refugee camp in 1984, now faces the possibility of spending 14 years in jail, it was reported. She was arrested at her home in Peshawar, Pakistan, on  25 October by Pakistan’s Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), the Dawn newspaper said. Quoting  “FIA sources”, the Pakistani newspaper said she was suspected of forging a computerised national identity card.
The extraordinary twist in Gula’s story was, some commentators suggested, an episode, which highlighted the desperate measures many Afghans are willing to take to avoid returning to their war-torn homeland as Pakistan cracks down on undocumented foreigners.
Gula first caught the world’s attention after National Geographic’s Steve McCurry took a photo of her at a refugee camp near Peshawar in 1984. The haunting image, showing her staring at the camera with startlingly bright green eyes, appeared on the cover of National Geographic in June 1985.
It went on to become the most famous cover image in the magazine’s history. Her name initially unknown, Gula became known to the world as “Afghan girl”, or more poetically “the Mona Lisa of the Afghan war” Rs which at that time involved the country being occupied by Soviet, rather than Western-backed forces.
Her parents had been killed during the Russian bombing of Afghanistan, when she was about six-years-old. In 1992, eight years after being photographed by McCurry, Gula, who had no idea that her face had become so famous, left the Peshawar area and crossed the border back into Afghanistan to try to rebuild her life. Meanwhile, McCurry travelled back to the region 10 times in the intervening years, each time carrying the girl’s photograph in the hope of finding someone who knew who she was and where she might be found.
Finally, in 2002, 18 years after photographing her, he tracked her down to a remote village in eastern Afghanistan. Her eyes still piercing, but her face showing the ravages of time, she was married to a baker and was the mother of three children. Another child had died in infancy. She expressed hope that her children would be able to get an education. When asked if she had ever felt safe, she replied, “No. But life under the Taliban was better. At least there was peace and order.”
Asked how she had survived, she responded that it was “the will of God”. Until McCurry found her again, Gula had never seen the photo of herself as a child. She came to public attention again last year when Pakistani newspapers reported that the National Database and Registration Authority (Nadra) had cancelled national identity cards issued to her and two men listed as her sons amid claims the cards had been issued illegally.
At the time a Nadra source told Dawn: “They may not be her sons but this is a common practice among Afghan refugees, whereby they list names of non-relatives as their children to obtain documents.” On 26 October, Shahid Ilyas, a Nadra official, told AFP: “FIA arrested Sharbat Gula, an Afghan woman, for obtaining a fake ID card.” Ilyas said the authorities were also seeking three Nadra officials found responsible for issuing Pakistan’s national identity card to Gula. They have been at large since the alleged fraud was detected.
He said Gula faces seven to 14 years in prison and a fine of 3,000-5,000 dollars if convicted. Pakistan has for decades provided safe haven for millions of Afghans, who fled their country after the Soviet invasion of 1979. The country hosts 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees, according to the UNHCR, making it the third-largest refugee-hosting nation in the world. But refugees are increasingly worried about their future in Pakistan as the country cracks down on those who have obtained fake ID cards.
Officials say Nadra has so far reverified 91 million ID cards and detected 60,675 fraudulent cards. A Nadra official told AFP that 2,473 foreigners, mostly Afghans, had voluntarily surrendered ID cards, which were obtained fraudulently. Some 18 Nadra officials were under investigation for issuing ID cards to foreigners and eight were arrested, the official said.
By Adam Lusher
(The Independent)