Bloodbath  in  Egypt
SIR, This refers to the sharply-analysed editorial ,”Egypt&’s bloodiest day” (17 August). Britain, France, Australia and Turkey have called for an emergency session of the Security Council to discuss the  military&’s massacre in Egypt.
 The death toll has crossed 700 and President Obama has cancelled the joint military exercise with Egypt next month, condemning the “violent crackdown” on Muslim Brotherhood protesters. However, the supporters of the ousted President, Mohamad Morsi, are not satisfied with the statement. Last week they marched to the US embassy after the Friday prayers.
 They are extremely critical of Washington&’s failure to call Mohamed Morsi&’s removal a military coup. In the face of mounting discontent, the country&’s Vice-President, ElBaradei, winner of the Nobel Peace prize and pro-reform leader in the interim government, has resigned  in protest against the military&’s reprisal.
Britain and France have called for an immediate end to the violence as have Saudi Arabia , the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain. Political dialogue is an essential pre-requisite for  genuine democracy. India&’s claim that it is watching the situation is not an appropriate response from a country that aspires to be a world power.
Yours, etc., SS Paul, Chakdaha, 17 August.

DIALECTICS
SIR, In their Perspective page articles on Egypt and Bangladesh, both Ayesha Jalal and AM Choudhury have offered their perceptions on contemporary issues.  Ayesha Jalal suggests that “Egypt can learn from Pakistan”. In other words, the Egyptian army should come to terms with the Muslim Brotherhood and rule Egypt together… with Morsi in continued detention. This political experiment can be described as synthesis. In dialectics, the thought-process moves in a clockwise manner. Ayesha Jalal&’s prescription goes anti-clockwise, seeking to create another Pakistan in Egypt. In Myanmar, the junta is moving towards democracy. This is clockwise movement, in keeping with the principles of dialectics.
In Choudhury&’s piece on Bangladesh, the theists represent a thesis and the atheists antithesis. The synthesis will  be a prolonged process. And in the interim, Begum Hasina will have to fight the fundamentalists. Chowdhury has explained dialectics lucidly. Karl Marx was sure about the thesis (feudalism) and the antithesis (capitalism). Though he spoke about synthesis (Communism), he was sure that the emergence of  synthesis would take a long time in coming. Perhaps Hasina will bring about the synthesis between the country&’s theists and atheists.
In India, the process has been anticlock-wise. The synthesis of liberalism is gradually giving way to fundamentalism ~ the antithesis.
Yours, etc., GN Mukherjee, Kolkata, 31 July.

CANNON  FODDER
SIR, This refers to your thought-provoking editorial, “How much more?” (8 August). After the killing of five soldiers along the LoC in Poonch,  one must wonder whether our soldiers will continue to be used as cannon fodder.
 Pakistan has consistently been getting away with such barbarity. India has come through as a soft target, a convenient punching bag by the neighbouring bully. And this has encouraged China to intrude into Ladakh. It has even prompted the Sri Lankan navy to be tough towards Indian fisherman.
Yours, etc., Arun Kumar Bhaduri, Kolkata, 10 August.

CONCERT TO REVERE
SIR, ‘Classical Reverence’ (Marquee, 17 August) makes me nostalgic.  In 1966,  a musical programme was organised at National Medical College & Hospital. Midway through the concert, the organisers announced that Vishnu Govind Jog had agreed to grace the occasion. The announcement was greeted with cheers.
V G, as he was generally known, was accompanied by Ustad Keramotullah Khan on the  tabla and Pandit Jnan Prakash Ghose on the harmonium. Visually, it was a puppet show. All the musicians appeared to be tied with an invisible thread. The companions’ response to every stroke of VG seemed as though they were giving a matching answer.  There was a feeling of joy, solace and tranquility. The  three maestros stopped performing at midnight. The entire audience left the venue silently, forgot to applause and did not wait for any announcement. Fifty years later, the enthralling experience is still fresh in my mind.
Yours, etc., Susanta Kumar Ghose, Kolkata, 18 August.