In an interesting Resolution on the progress of education in the presidency during the last official year, the Bombay Government discuss with some fullness the outstanding achievements of the twelve months. A joint board school-leaving examination is at last a reality in Bombay. For the rest, both in secondary and primary education the main problems appear to centre round the need for training of teachers. In the sphere of primary education, it is now the avowed intention of the Government to establish a training school in every district in the presidency with the object of replacing every untrained teacher by a man who has undergone at least one year’s instruction at one of these schools. The necessity for such a provision of training accommodation is the more obvious in view of the mandate now given to municipalities other than Bombay to compel parents to send their children to school. In the meantime, the minimum pay of untrained teachers in Government schools has been raised to Rs 12 and that of untrained headmasters to Rs 15. The pay appears still to be pitifully low in view of the importance of the work entrusted to these people and in comparison with the pay obtainable even by menials in the capital of the presidency.



With the approval of the Secretary of State for India it has been decided that all officers of the Indian Medical Service who reverted from civil to military employ in consequence of the war should, with effect from the date of their reversion to military duty and up to the 20th April, 1916 inclusive receive their grade pay plus half the staff pay of their civil appointments when the amount was more than the consolidated pay of an officer of the same grade in medical charge of a regiment. The pay of all officers affected should be adjusted accordingly, and a report submitted at an early date by the Controller of Military Accounts concerned as to what adjustments are necessary in the case of officers at present drawing their pay in England.


The strike situation in London has grown worse. The motor-men of the District Railway are coming out today. There were amazing scenes in London last night, the main arteries leading to the suburbs being crowded with people walking homewards from the city. Theatres and restaurants in the West-end were half empty. Public indignation at the action of the motor-men is shared by the trade unionists generally. Big unions are warning members against the folly of unauthorised strikes. It is understood that the Government is determined to maintain the policy of non-interference in such movements. A campaign is afloat for convening a representative Trade Union conference to deal with the whole trouble on national lines. Signs are increasing of a collapse of the Glasgow strike and a general resumption is expected on Wednesday. The situation in Belfast remains unchanged.