Press Trust of India
Beijing, 15 November
China, the world’s most populous nation, will relax its controversial decades-long one-child population policy which restricted most couples to have only a single child, the ruling Communist Party announced today.
China will also abolish its notorious labour camps in an effort to improve human rights, the state media reported, quoting key decisions issued by the CPC.
“China will loosen its  one-child population policy, allowing couples to have two children if one of them is an only child,” Xinhua news agency reported.
China, which has a population of over 1.3 billion, will implement this new policy while adhering to the basic state policy of family planning, the report quoted a decision approved at the Third Plenum of the CPC Central Committee held here from 9 to 12 November chaired by Chinese President and CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping.
The policy will be adjusted and improved step by step to promote “long-term balanced development of the population in China,” it said. China&’s family planning policy was first introduced in the late 1970s to rein in the surging population by limiting most urban couples to one child and most rural couples to two children, if the first child born was a girl. It was later relaxed, with its current form stipulating that both parents must be only children if they are to have a second child.